November 29, 2018
History lesson 90
Hi! So this History lesson is about 1: Linoleum, 2: The Postcard, 3: The Gatling Gun, and lastly and certainly the least interesting, 4: The Ratcheting Wrench. So I will be writing about these four thing in the order that they were listed.
Before hard floors (by hard floors I mean stone floors, wooden floors, etc.), people used wool, silk, and even tapestries were put on the floor as carpets. These carpets also doubled as something far better than soft floors; insulation. Meanwhile, Fredrick Walton was born in England in 1834. One day he noticed that linseed oil (extracted from the flax plant) can dry into a materiel similar to rubber. He experimented with linseed oil to make it dry quicker. Finally, in 1863, he invented and patented linoleum. He had now made it into a color customizable, flexable, flooring that was easy to clean. It was a bit hit, because unlike wooden floor, it couldn’t catch on fire, but when heated, linoleum could release toxic fumes.
The concept of the postcard was introduced in 1861, but it wasn’t until 1870 that Hyman Lipman (inventor of the pencil eraser) and John P. Charlton patented the idea of postcards. Postcards are cheap and easy to use, and they are widley used throughout the world. The golden age of postcards was from 1907-1915.
Richard Gatling was born in North Carolina in 1818. He was a store owner as well as a doctor as well as an inventor. He must have been really busy. Just think of it. Back then, there wasn’t online stores, so people went to physical stores like his. So he was busy with his store. THEN, he was a doctor too! So he had to be really busy helping people and doing check-ups and everything. So now he had to work double-time. THEN!, he was an inventor! If he had invented something really important, other companies would be trying to make spin-offs of his great product, so he would be busy going to court and suing people! Anyways, he was inspired by the Cival Was to build and patent the Gatling Gun in 1861. He wanted to reduce the people sent out onto the battlefield to just die hopelessly.
The Socket Wrench was not totally new in the 1800 because ancient cultures had figured out how to use sockets to crank bolts. The first wrench in 1835. The next wrench was patented in 1863 in by J.J.Richardson. Thats really all there is to it. Its kinda boring. Well, BYE!!!!!!!!